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Here I am, Bisera - a shy , untidy and animal-loving girl. I am a student at university and I believe I need to always get better and improve.

On behalf of the Authorities of Ecuador

On behalf of the Authorities of Ecuador I’ve the particular honour to ship by way of Your Excellency, greetings to the Authorities of the Folks’s Republic of Bulgaria which completes 1300 years from its formation as a state.

The Bulgarian persons are wealthy with their thousand years of traditions of many ethnic teams and civilizations, which signify appreciable contribution in order that right this moment totally different nations can signify themselves with their stable and genuine identification. It is sufficient to recall that the born in Bulgaria alphabet of Cyril and Methodius now acts as a mutual contact of the totally different languages of Japanese Europe.

Within the continous battle in your nationwide freedom, your nation needed to maintain out with imcomparable spirit and corage rejectment of the oppressor and international domination until it may rise to a state in its current peak, worthy to be proud with the political modifications and nationwide independence.

Ecuador, as a rustic that loves peace and respects the widespread with Bulgaria precept for selfdetermination of the individuals, joins the happiness of your Socialist Republic within the days when it completes 13 centuries as an independant state.

Please settle for Your Excellency the assurances of my highest issues.

Alfonso Barrera Valverde, Minister for International Affairs of the Republic of Ecuador.

A JUBILEE MESSAGE OF THE SENATE OF PERU

The Senate of the Republic bearing in mind: that through the operating yr and extra accurately through the month of October the Bulgarian individuals will have fun the 1300th Anniversary from the inspiration of the Bulgarian state; that on this event it’s truthful to congratulate the Bulgarian nation and to remind its contribution within the area of tradition, science and the artistic thought, its contribution to the event of mankind and to the progres and to reason for peace; that in its complete historical past the Bulgarian individuals have protected their nationwide identification, overcoming difficulties besulted by its sophisticated geographic state of affairs, by wars and invasions, reaching in our days a highest stage of business and agricultural improvement; that Peru maintains pleasant relations with Bulgaria, realized within the sphere of the diplomatic relations, in signing of commerce agreements, within the financial, scientific and cultural cooperation which might be helpful for the 2 international locations.

 

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ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION

The Principality is split for administrative functions into twelve departments, having for his or her centres the next cities: Bourgas, Varna, Viddin, Vratza, Kustendil, Plovdiv (Philippopolis), Plevna, Rouss6 (Roustchouk), Sofia, Stara Zagora, Tiraova, and Shoumen. On the head of each division there’s a prefect who’s appointed by royal decree on the proposition of the Minister of the Inside. In his division the prefect is the agent of the central authorities and, as such, he represents all the govt authority. He’s entrusted with the management over the administration of the Varied communes, and over the funds of the division, being assisted on this latter process by a particular monetary director who’s positioned underneath his orders. The prefect can also be the chief of the departmental police.

There’s a Departmental Council connected to each prefecture. The members of this Council range from twelve to thirty, based on the significance of the division, and are elected by common suffrage, direct and secret, for a interval of three years. The Departmental Council (similar to the French Conseils G6n6raux) meet each December in common session, which lasts a month. The duties of the Departmental Council consist in assessing the taxes among the many communes of the division, in administering the departmental properties, in making ready the departmental price range, and in revising the accounts of the assorted establishments that are positioned underneath its management. The Council can also be consulted on all issues regarding proposed building for the advantage of the division new railways traces, highways, and many others.

The Departmental Council appoints a everlasting committee, consisting of two of its members who, underneath the presidency of the prefect, watch over the carrying into impact of the Council’s choices.

In addition to the Departmental Council, there are connected to every prefecture a Medical Council and an Instructional Council. The primary of those superintends the sanitary situations and the general public hygiene within the division, whereas the academic council administers and supervises the assorted academic institutions of the division.

The departments are subdivided into districts

The departments are subdivided into districts (arrondisse mettis), of which there are 71 within the Principality. The districts are administered by subprefects, who act as intermediaries, between the prefecture and the communes of the district, in as far as their administration is anxious. As chief of the district police, the subprefect conducts the judiciary police and is held accountable for the general public security within the district.

A few of the extra vital centres, reminiscent of Sofia, Plovdiv, Roustchouk, and Varna, have city prefects, who train inside the limits of their respective cities the features of police prefects. They’re appointed by royal decree, on the recommendation of the Minister of the Inside, and are entrusted with the applying of the assorted legal guidelines and laws, within the discharge of which obligation they might challenge laws having for his or her object the upkeep of fine order within the cities.

 

The distances between our nations are huge

DECIDES:

  1. To congratulate the Bulgarian individuals on the event of the 1300th Anniversary from the muse of the Bulgarian state and to specific good needs for his or her additional everlasting growth and for the development of the relations of peace and friendship between Peru and Bulgaria.
  2. The congratulations of the Senate of Peru to be conveyed to the President of Bulgaria, Mr. Todor Zhivkov.

Lima, October 14, 1981.

TO

THE BULGARIAN NATIONAL JUBILEE COMMITTEE,

C/O H.E. DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER GEORGI YORDANOV.

Oct. 20th, 1981

On the event of the 1300 years anniversary of the founding and unification of Bulgaria I lengthen greetings from Iceland to the Bulgarian individuals.

The distances between our nations are huge, one nation is a barren island within the NorthAtlantic and the opposite a fertile agricultural nation on the Balkan peninsula, and the inhabitants of Iceland is simply 220 thousand however the Bulgarians whole virtually 9 million. Regardless of these variations these two nations have many issues in widespread, a wholesome nationwide tradition, artistic abilities and an urge for progress. The Bulgarians and the Icelanders have additionally had the widespread expertise of dwelling for hundreds of years beneath overseas rule which weighed on them like a yoke of slavery. A yoke which didn’t induce a servile mentality however as a substitute strengthened the peoples love of their nation and their need for peace and . freedom.

With the want that peace could reign all through the world, that every one nations could reside free of their homelands and that tradition and financial stability could thrive in all areas of the earth, I repeat my greetings to the Bulgarian individuals on this auspicious event.

Ingvar Gislason, Minister of Tradition and Schooling of Iceland.

ADRESS OF

THE PARTICIPANTS IN THE VIENNA MEETING “1300 YEARS BULGARIA” TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE STATE COUNCIL OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA CONVEYED THROUGH THE HEAD OF THE BULGARIAN DELEGATION.

Your Excellency,

The exceptional and distinctive for Europe occasion of the historical past of the Bulgarian individuals  the 1300th anniversary of Bulgaria’s statehood  was a propitious and welcome event for the Austrian Nationwide Committee to prepare on 25  26 February a gathering of the Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen of the Nationwide Jubilee Committes from 19 nations. We convened at this assembly to emphasise the significance of this nice anniversary, to trade data and expertise on the actions of the Nationwide Committes which popularize the jubilee in every particular person nation, and to estabilish mutually useful contacts.

 

Your Excellenc to just accept our congratulations

TO HIS EXCELLENCY, THE AMBASSADOR OF THE P.R. OF BULGARIA  DEN HAAG.

Excellency,

Respectfully we request Your Excellenc to just accept our congratulations on the celebration of the 1300th anniversary of the Bulgarian State and our good needs for happiness and prosperity for Your Excellency’s individuals on this time and for an extended future.

Pricey Mr. Avramov,

It offers me nice pleasure that I can inform you that the Rotterdam metropolis authorities has determined to donate a piece of a Rotterdam artist to the Sofia museum to be devoted to 1300 years anniversary of the State of Bulgaria.

Town fathers additionally determined to present a duplicate of the well-known statue of the Rotterdamborn thinker Erasmus. The unique statue was made in 1622 by Hendrick de Keyzer. The bronze reproduction was made by a wellknown Rotterdam sculptor, Huib Noorlander.

I hope that each works will discover a place within the Sofia museum.

Yours sincerely,               Ivo P.L. Blom,

Burgomaster’s Secretary.

TO HIS EXCELLENCY LATCHESAR AVRAMOV, AMBASSADOR OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA  THE HAGUE

Pricey Mr. Ambassador, Amsterdam, October 19,1981

On behalf of the Philipp Brothers group I herewith want to congratulate you and all our pals in Bulgaria upon the 1300th Anniversary of the State of Bulgaria.

The wealthy historical past of Bulgaria, one of many oldest states in Europa, and its great achievements in changing into the trendy industrial agrarian state it’s immediately, should fill the Bulgarian individuals with the delight and motivation that can guarantee Bulgaria’s continued cultural, financial and social success on the earth.

The yr 1981 additionally marks the primary anniversary of the Basic Settlement on financial, business and commerce cooperation between the Bulgarian International and Financial Commerce Organizations and Philipp Brothers. Though this Settlement is however one yr outdated, it holds nice promise for additional development of our cooperation based mostly as it’s on an extended standing relationship of mutual belief and respect.

Yours sincerely,               Philipp Brothers (Holland) b.v.

  1. Straus

TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE AMBASSADOR OF THE P.R. OF BULGARIA  ’sGRAVENHAGE.

Excellency,         September 22nd, 1981

I’m happy to tell you that on the event of the celebration of the 1300 years’ anniversary of Bulgaria, we prefer to current to your nation a present within the type of a multilanguage laboratory system.

This method is designed for 15 languagestudents and will be prolonged.

Yours faithfully,

Not contemplating Bulgaria from a world standpoint

As we’re not contemplating Bulgaria from a world standpoint, quite a lot of these clauses don’t concern us. We are going to solely observe that, no matter could have been stated of the sovereignty or halfsovereignty of Bulgaria, we should not overlook the truth that this query can’t be solved by astudy of the enactments of the Treaty of Berlin.

This treaty, which imposes so many situations on Bulgaria, itself stipulates that instantly after the election of the prince Bulgaria shall take pleasure in full autonomy. It follows, then, that from that second Bulgaria have to be autonomous, and, every day bringing new successes, Bulgaria was capable of actually develop into a sovereign state, and much eclipse the vassal and tributary principality of 1878. With the consent of the events involved, the capitulations have been abolished; the tribute shouldn’t be paid; industrial treaties are freely made between Bulgaria and the Powers ; every day brings a change within the relations of Turkey and Bulgaria. Every little thing is dependent upon ethical or bodily foice. As long as Bulgaria stays sturdy she could contemplate herself sovereign ; if weak, she is barely halfsovereign. As to the clauses of the Treaty of Berlin regarding the authorities of the nation, they solely remained legitimate till the start of the autonomy. They have been binding on Bulgaria earlier than and through the Timova meeting and after it, till the election of the prince.

The constituent meeting met at Timova February ioth 22nd, 1879, and shortly voted the Structure of the nation which, with some slight modifications, remains to be in pressure. This meeting, dissolved instantly after the passing of the Structure, was adopted by one other for the election of the prince, April 29th, 1879. Alexander of Battenberg was unanimously elected.

The modern historical past of Bulgaria

We is not going to dwell upon the modern historical past of Bulgaria, however solely point out just a few of its most essential and salient occasions. These are the union of Jap Roumelia with Northern Bulgaria (September sixth, 1885), the ServoBulgarian struggle of the identical 12 months, which introduced glory to the Bulgarian military, and the election pf His Royal Highness Ferdinand I. as Prince of Bulgaria (July seventh, 1887).

For the reason that election of His Royal Highness, Bulgaria has loved absolute peace. Due to this circumstance, and to the watchfulness of the pinnacle of the State, this very long time of peace has been effectively employed within the interior and outer consolidation of the nation, within the ethical and mental improvement of the folks, in all of the enterprises which at this time place Bulgaria within the rank of civilised and wellordered international locations. Lastly, allow us to point out one other occasion of the best significance for the way forward for the Principality: the muse of a dynasty by the wedding of His Royal Highness and the start of Boris, Prince of Timova, the primary inheritor to the throne of Bulgaria.

 

The Secretaries of Legation

Mr. Walter Baring, one of many Secretaries of Legation, who was appointed to that obligation, reached Philippopolis at about the identical time as myself, and though our strains of investigation had been in the primary unbiased, we arrived at considerably the identical end result as to details. Mr. J. A. MacGahan, then correspondent of the London “ Each day Information,” was going to the Serbian frontier to jot down concerning the Serbian struggle with Turkey. He occurred to go on the identical railway practice with me so far as Philippopolis, and, remaining there a day, grew to become so fascinated by what he heard that he determined to place off his journey for some time and write of what he noticed. It’s mainly via his letters that the English and the American public grew to become conscious of the way during which the Turks had suppressed the issues. As there was each cause for conducting my inquiries overtly, Mr. MacGahan, Mr. Carl Schneider, the correspondent of the “ Cologne Gazette,” and, certainly, all who selected had been allowed to be current.

Two interpreters, of various nationalities, every talking a number of languages, secured us in opposition to doable deceit. My preliminary report was given out for publication from the Legation throughout my absence and with out my information.

The story of what had already taken place

It’s pointless to recite now the story of what had already taken place or to inform of the horrors which nonetheless remained seen. Suffice it to say that the reality of the statements made by the American clergymen was abundantly confirmed. The state of the nation, nevertheless, was then so unsettled there was such abject concern on the a part of the Christian inhabitants and such organized terrorism on the a part of the Mussulmans, with so nice carelessness and inefficiency on the a part of the officers that it was unimaginable to withstand the will to do what we might to result in a greater state of issues.

The prisons had been full of individuals accused of political offenses, who had been being tried in batches earlier than a fee composed of Mussulmans with out regard to the peculiar types of process ; sentences of essentially the most extreme nature got day by day, and frequent executions had been happening. The Christian inhabitants had been afraid to seem exterior of their villages or to proceed their agricultural labors ; their cattle and horses had been stolen by their Mussulman neighbors, and their crops weren’t sometimes destroyed. What we might do in the best way of illustration to the native authorities or to the pashas was achieved, and in practically all instances this produced an impact.

Financial system og Bulgaria

DURING THE 5 centuries of Turkish domination of Bulgaria, from 1396 to 1878, the early agrarian financial system was retained underneath the final options of medieval serfdom. Towards the second half of the 18th century, the big land-holdings of Turkish landlords had been leased on the izpolitza or kisim techniques. The izpolitza was a share-cropping system by which half the farmer’s yield was paid to the landowner as lease. The kisim system fastened the lease prematurely between farmer and titled landholder, no matter yield.

The development towards urbanization and industrialization started towards the top of the 18th century. There was a substantial development within the city inhabitants and the quantity of people that earned a dwelling by different means than farming. Thus, the primitive agrarian financial system underwent a modification to fulfill the calls for of a rising city market. Agriculture modified over right into a commodity-monetary financial system with a particular market orientation. The land reform of 1834 dealt the big landholders a crushing blow, for it opened the best way for a fantastic improve in medium and small-farm ownex-ship. Steadily, the angaria, or wageless farm-work, was eradicated. Crop specialization started in some districts, such because the cultivation of rice in Plovdiv and Pazardzhik and of rose oil in Karlovo, Kazanluk, and so on.

Bulgaria through the first half of the 19th century

The work of the artisan reached its peak in Bulgaria through the first half of the 19th century. It was stimulated by the calls for of the Ottoman empire for coarse woollen fabric, belts, knitted socks, yarn, leather-based merchandise and . The cx’afts in Bulgaria, patterned on the medieval European guilds, w’ere united in corporative organizations, by which a strict order was noticed in ti’aining apprentices, journeymen and grandmasters. The aim of the corporative  organizations was the identical as that of the European guild system: Manufacturing and remove competitors. An growth of financial exercise got here with the “scattered manufactory” system whereby wealthy and enterprising retailers distributed uncooked supplies in return, the completed merchandise (yarn, aba fabric, socks, and so on.), which had been then offered on the Turkish market. The primary machine-run weaving manufacturing facility was constructed on this interval at oliven, in 1838.

The primary railroad in Bulgaria was constructed between Russe and Varna through the second half of the 19th century. Commerce specialization had een underway within the rising city facilities because the mid-18th century Thus, Gabrovo and Sliven specialised in rifles, pistols and iron instruments; the Rhodope space, in aba fabric.