One other consideration that lends curiosity to St. Sergius and Bacchus is its hanging resemblance to the Church of S. Vitale at Ravenna. The latter was commenced in 526, a 12 months sooner than the previous, whereas Theodoric the Nice dominated his Ostrogoths within the honest metropolis beside the Adriatic. It was not accomplished, nonetheless, till 547, after the arms of Justinian had restored Ravenna to the Roman Empire. A comparability between the kindred buildings could be invidious. Let it suffice to say, talking broadly, that the outside preparations of SS. Sergius and Bacchus are superior to these of its western companion, whereas the inside of S. Vitale is extra stunning than the inside of the church on the shore of the Sea of Marmora. However, leaving comparisons between two stunning objects alone, it’s pertinent to recognise the inventive affect of Constantinople over Artwork within the West right here manifested. For, though the church buildings are too completely different for the one to have been copied from the opposite, they’re so comparable as to show the existence of a typical college of Artwork; a college which had its chief seat within the studios and workshops beside the Bosporus. Even among the supplies of S. Vitale had been imported from the East; amongst them, “melon- capitals” like these which adorn the columns on the ground-floor of SS. Sergius and Bacchus.
The similarity of the 2 church buildings has one more curiosity
The similarity of the 2 church buildings has one more curiosity. Their likeness constitutes them symbols of Justinian’s nice coverage—the reunion of the East and the West, a reunion maintained for some 200 years after its consummation. Since that unity was impaired, they’ve stood, one beside the Adriatic, the opposite beside the Marmora, like hills which erewhile shaped sides of the identical mountain, and rose to the identical peak, however which a merciless tide has tom aside and holds separate, regardless of their kinship.
However, maybe, the chief curiosity attaching to SS. Sergius and Bacchus is the truth that it represents a stage within the answer of the issue the way to crown a sq. constructing with a dome, the attribute mark of Byzantine structure.
To cowl a spherical constructing, spherical from summit to base just like the Pantheon, with a dome is com-paratively a straightforward matter, for in that case two round buildings meet and match collectively alongside the entire circuit of their circumferences. Alternatively, to set the spherical rim of a dome upon a sq. substructure appears an try to hitch figures which from the character of issues can by no means coalesce.