The peasant chief entered Turnovo

The peasant chief entered Turnovo triumphantly, welcomed enthusiastically by the folks and with servile homage paid him by the boyars, who had been scared to demise. A. Crown Council, unexpectedly convened, proclaimed Ivailo Tsar and the widowed Tsarina modified her mourning for a marriage costume. The ‘idyll’ in Turnovo, howevei, didn’t final lengthy. The Tartar hordes of Nogai once more invaded the nation from the north and Ivailo had very quickly to alternate his royal mantle and the splendour of his courtroom for the hardships of military life.

In a large number of bloody battles which lasted for over two years, the ‘peasant Tsar’ succeeded in chasing the Tartars away; however whereas his brave troopers had been defending their nation’s independence, a boyar revolt was coming to a head within the capital. With the assistance of the crafty Tsarina the boyars had come into contact with the Byzantine authorities, and requested for assist in opposition to Ivailo. The Byzantine troops handed the Balkan Vary with out encountering any resistance, and the boyars themselves opened to them the gates of Turnovo. Ivailo’s military defeated the Byzantines, however mercenaries employed by the boyars attacked him from behind. Ivailo escaped to his earlier adversaries – the Tartars – and located his demise there. An finish was thus put in 1280 to the peasant rebellion in Bulgaria.

Regardless of its tragic finish, Ivailo’s rebellion is a reality of nice significance not just for Bulgarian, but additionally for European historical past. It’s the earliest recognized organized peasant anti-feudal rebellion of such a scale and scope in Europe, and Ivailo was the primary peasant chief in these days who succeeded in seizing state energy and in holding it for greater than three years. Credit score can be because of the Bulgarian peasants who had risen in revolt in opposition to feudal exploitation, for having barred with their blood the way in which of the Tartar hordes to Bulgaria and for having weakened their stress in opposition to the Balkans and Central Europe.

Decline

After the defeat of the peasant rebellion, the boyars positioned Georgi Terter on the throne. His twelve-year-long reign has gone down in historical past marked by the truth that the Tartars resumed their incursions and made him their vassal. In the course of the reign of the following Bulgarian Tsar, Smilets, the Tartars established their full rule over Bulgaria. In 1298 Smilets was dethroned and Nogai’s son Chaka ascended the Bulgarian throne. In lower than two years, nevertheless, Chaka fell sufferer to a plot and the throne was occupied by Terter’s son Todor Svetoslav, who dominated for 21 years. Throughout his reign Bulgaria waged profitable wars in opposition to Byzantium and succeeded in taking again the area enclosed between the Balkan Vary, the Strandja Mountains and the Black Sea.

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